The Siamese Cat – An Iconic Breed

You think you know cats, but if you’ve never met a Siamese, you’re in for a treat! These feline beauties are the Beyonces of the cat world, with their sleek, elegant bodies and piercing blue eyes. Get ready to be schooled on the wonders of Siamese cats.

Siamese Cats

The Siamese Cat’s History

Siamese cats have a rich history that stretches back centuries. They were once considered sacred in their native Thailand, and were even given as gifts to visiting dignitaries. It wasn’t until the late 1800s that they made their way to the United States, where they quickly became a favorite of cat lovers everywhere.

An iconic breed in the world of fancy felines, the Siamese emerged from its originating country of Thailand (then called Siam) in the late 1800s. This breed, along with a few others with similar origins, were depicted in books of poetry and artwork in Siam dating as early as the 1400s. Legend suggests that these sleek felines are directly descended from the sacred and revered temple cats in the former country of Siam.

The first Siamese in the United States was received in 1878 by President Rutherford B. Hayes. The American Consul of Bangkok sent the feline, named Siam, as a gift of good fortune. Other countries quickly began acquiring breeding pairs; a breeding pair with a litter of kittens were imported to the United Kingdom in 1886 by Eva Forestier Walker. The Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) in America recognized the breed officially in the early 1930s.

The Siamese CatAppearance of the Siamese Cat

The Siamese cat is a breed with a strikingly beautiful appearance.  They have a body that’s built for speed and agility. Their long, lean bodies are like a race car on four legs, and they can easily jump to the highest shelves and ledges without breaking a sweat.

And those piercing blue eyes? They’re not just for show – they’re like laser beams that can see straight into your soul.

Their bodies are long and slender with angular features. Large, wide ears adorn the top of a triangular head, and their deep, almond-shaped eyes are always a striking shade of blue. A slender tail and lithe legs add to the elegantly sleek appearance of this breed. A long, arched neck completes the elongated, muscular appearance of this breed.

It is not only the shape of the feline that makes it recognizable; the classic tan or fawn coloration with darker color points is so widely recognized that other breeds, such as the Burmese cat, are mistakenly labeled as Siamese cats. While there are a variety of colors available, the CFA recognizes only four: seal point, chocolate point, blue point, and lilac point.

Partial albinism, resulting from a mutation in a melanin-producing enzyme, called tyrosinase, that causes it to be sensitive to temperature, is what causes the color points in the Siamese breed. This causes the cooler parts of the body, including the extremities and face around the cooling nasal cavity, to be darker in color. Warmer locations tend to cause Siamese living in the area to be lighter in color, while cooler locations result in darker points.

The Siamese Cat’s Personality

Siamese cats are the ultimate divas. They know they’re gorgeous, and they flaunt it. They’re the kind of cats who demand the best of everything – the softest blankets, the tastiest treats, and the most luxurious scratching posts. But don’t let their high-maintenance attitude fool you – they’re also fiercely loyal and will protect their humans with everything they’ve got.

These cats are well-known for being vocal, and their yowl is one that breed lovers can always recognize. It’s important to remember that while they may be vocal at times – extremely vocal – this isn’t necessarily bad behavior, it’s just part of who they are! There is so much more that makes these cats such wonderful companions. Siamese cats tend to form strong bonds with their owners as well as other family members and other pets. They enjoy spending time with people and will often follow them around from room to room, seeking attention and affection.

They are people-oriented and love affection, but they can get lonely quite easily, and they may develop destructive tendencies if left alone for extended periods of time. Many breeders suggest getting Siamese kittens in pairs.

A Beautiful Siamese Cat

The Siamese is one of the most inquisitive breeds, and these cats are intelligent and clever. They generally need plenty of stimulation throughout the day. This could include providing interactive toys filled with treats or simply spending some quality one-on-one time with your cat, in order to keep them happy and healthy.

Health Issues of the Siamese Cat

The Siamese cat may be small and cute, but don’t let its size fool you – it is a bundle of health issues waiting to happen. While the breed does have some physical attributes that make them attractive companions, they also are prone to certain dietary needs, vaccinations, eye diseases, genetic disorders, and hearing loss. In other words – these cats come with built-in problems!

It’s true; this seemingly innocent kitty has a lot of potential health risks in store for unsuspecting owners. For starters, their dietary needs can change as they age or if they become overweight. Also, regular veterinary visits should include core vaccinations such as rabies along with preventative measures against common feline illnesses such as FIV or FeLV.

Moreover, Siamese cats are susceptible to an array of eye diseases due to their large eyes and thin fur around them like conjunctivitis and glaucoma. Apart from these issues, Siamese cats are also likely candidates for carrying genetic disorders including heart disease and hip dysplasia just to name two. Additionally, the breed is known for having poor hearing which makes training more challenging than average felines – so when considering adopting one of these cuddly creatures its important to keep all potential medical costs in mind before welcoming them into your home.

Siamese Cat at the Veterinarian

Some health issues for the Siamese cat that you’ll want to watch out for include:


Siamese cats can develop megaesophagus, which is a condition where the esophagus becomes enlarged and may cause them to regurgitate tube-shaped pieces of undigested food. Keep an eye out for any unusual eating behaviors or consistent vomiting to catch this disorder early on.

Dental Disease

Similar to other cat breeds, Siamese cats are also prone to developing dental disease as they age. Dental disease is one of the most common chronic problems in pets, and regular teeth brushing can help prevent this condition.


In this condition, amyloid protein builds up in your cat’s organs, particularly the liver. Mild cases can lead to high blood pressure, while more severe cases may result in tissue damage and organ failure. Keep an eye out for signs and symptoms such as fatigue, weight loss, and shortness of breath.

Upper Respiratory Infections

Siamese cats are susceptible to various bacterial and viral infections, including panleukopenia, rabies, feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR), and other upper respiratory infections. To prevent such infections, consider getting “core” vaccines specific to each of these conditions.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a common congenital heart defect that can cause the heart muscles of your Siamese cat to thicken abnormally, leading to heart failure. This condition can be diagnosed through regular veterinary check-ups.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a painful condition that can cause lameness and limping in your Siamese cat. It occurs when the ball and socket joints of their hip fail to develop normally, and regular veterinary check-ups can help diagnose this condition early on.


Siamese cats, especially those with wedge-shaped heads, are more prone to asthma. If you notice your pet coughing continuously or having difficulty breathing, it could be a sign of asthma. Take your pet to the vet for diagnosis and treatment.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

PRA is a group of genetic disorders that can cause vision loss and even blindness in Siamese cats. It results in the loss or wasting of the cells in your pet’s retina, and regular veterinary check-ups can help catch this condition early on.

(Click images to see full-sized)

Grooming The Siamese Cat

The Siamese cat has a short, fine, and glossy coat that is tight to their body, without any undercoat. Although Siamese cats only shed lightly, they are not considered hypoallergenic. The coat is smooth and satiny to the touch and has a very distinctive texture. The fur lies close to the skin and is soft and smooth to the touch, with a silky sheen. It’s a relatively low-maintenance coat, requiring minimal grooming, but regular brushing can help to remove loose hair and keep the coat shiny and healthy.

Still, grooming is an important part of the Siamese cat’s  care, as it helps keep their coat shiny and healthy, as well as preventing the formation of hairballs. Here are some tips for grooming your Siamese cat:

  1. Brushing: Regular brushing helps remove loose hair and prevent matting. Use a soft-bristled brush to gently groom your cat’s coat, paying particular attention to areas such as the underarms, belly, and hindquarters.
  2. Bathing: Siamese cats are generally clean animals and do not require frequent bathing. However, if your cat gets into something messy or has a skin condition that requires treatment, a bath may be necessary. Use a cat-specific shampoo and rinse thoroughly.
  3. Nail trimming: Regularly trimming your cat’s nails can help prevent them from becoming overgrown and causing discomfort. Use a cat-specific nail trimmer and be careful not to cut the quick (the pink part of the nail that contains blood vessels).
  4. Ear cleaning: Siamese cats are prone to ear infections, so it’s important to regularly check and clean their ears. Use a cotton ball or soft cloth dampened with a cat-specific ear cleaner to gently clean the ear canal.
  5. Teeth brushing: Like all cats, Siamese cats are susceptible to dental disease. Brushing their teeth regularly can help prevent tartar buildup and other dental issues. Use a cat-specific toothbrush and toothpaste, and start slowly to get your cat used to the process.

By following these grooming tips, you can help keep your Siamese cat looking and feeling their best. Additionally, grooming sessions provide a great opportunity to bond with your feline friend and strengthen your relationship.

Grooming A Siamese Cat

So there you have it – the wonders of Siamese cats. If you’re lucky enough to have one in your life, you know how special they are. And if you don’t, well, what are you waiting for? These feline divas are just waiting to grace you with their presence.

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